Confirmed reservoirs of animal viruses

Currently accepted reservoir orders for viruses infecting mammals and birds. See Mollentze & Streicker (2020) for methodological details.

Species Family Genus Reservoir order Vector-borne Zoonotic Reference (reservoir) Reference (vector)
Achimota pararubulavirus 1 Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Achimota pararubulavirus 2 Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Adeno-associated dependoparvovirus B Parvoviridae Dependoparvovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Schmidt M, Katano H, Bossis I, Chiorini JA (2004). Cloning and Characterization of a Bovine Adeno-Associated Virus. Gene Therapy, 78(12), 6509-6516. doi: 10.1128/JVI.78.12.6509.
Grivet simian foamy virus Retroviridae Simiispumavirus Primates False True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
African horse sickness virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Perissodactyla True False Mellor PS, Hamblin C (2004). African Horse Sickness. Veterinary Research, 35(4), 445-466. ISSN 09284249, doi: 10.1051/vetres:2004021. Mellor PS, Hamblin C (2004). African Horse Sickness. Veterinary Research, 35(4), 445-466. ISSN 09284249, doi: 10.1051/vetres:2004021.
African swine fever virus Asfarviridae Asfivirus Cetartiodactyla True False Costard S, Mur L, Lubroth J, Sanchez-Vizcaino JM, Pfeiffer DU (2013). Epidemiology of African Swine Fever Virus. Virus Research, 173(1), 191-197. ISSN 01681702, doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2012.10.030. Costard S, Mur L, Lubroth J, Sanchez-Vizcaino JM, Pfeiffer DU (2013). Epidemiology of African Swine Fever Virus. Virus Research, 173(1), 191-197. ISSN 01681702, doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2012.10.030.
Aichivirus A Picornaviridae Kobuvirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Akabane orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Cetartiodactyla True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Alagoas vesiculovirus Rhabdoviridae Vesiculovirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Alcelaphine gammaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Macavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Heuschele WP, Oosterhuis J, Anderson MP, Swansen M, Fletcher HR (1984). Malignant Catarrhal Fever in Wild Ruminants. In Ryder OA, Byrd ML (eds.), One Medicine, 296-308. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. ISBN 978-3-642-61749-2.

O’Toole D, Li H (2014). The Pathology of Malignant Catarrhal Fever, With an Emphasis on Ovine Herpesvirus 2. Veterinary Pathology, 51(2), 437-452. ISSN 03009858, doi: 10.1177/0300985813520435.

Alcelaphine gammaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Macavirus Cetartiodactyla False False O’Toole D, Li H (2014). The Pathology of Malignant Catarrhal Fever, With an Emphasis on Ovine Herpesvirus 2. Veterinary Pathology, 51(2), 437-452. ISSN 03009858, doi: 10.1177/0300985813520435.
Allpahuayo mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Alphacoronavirus 1 Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Alphapapillomavirus 12 Papillomaviridae Alphapapillomavirus Primates False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Serra do Navio mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
American bat vesiculovirus Rhabdoviridae Vesiculovirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Andes orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Apoi virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Aquamavirus A Picornaviridae Aquamavirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Aravan lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Aroa virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Ateline alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Primates False False Davison AJ, Eberle R, Ehlers B, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2009). The Order Herpesvirales. Archives of Virology, 154(1), 171-177. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0278-4.
Ateline gammaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Rhadinovirus Primates False False

Davison AJ, Eberle R, Ehlers B, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2009). The Order Herpesvirales. Archives of Virology, 154(1), 171-177. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0278-4.

Fleckenstein B, Desrosiers RC (1982). Herpesvirus Saimiri and Herpesvirus Ateles. In Roizman B (ed.), The Herpesviruses, series The Viruses, 253-332. Springer, Boston. ISBN 978-1-4684-4163-5.

Avastrovirus 1 Astroviridae Avastrovirus Galliformes False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Avastrovirus 2 Astroviridae Avastrovirus Galliformes False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Avastrovirus 3 Astroviridae Avastrovirus Anseriformes False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Avian orthoavulavirus 1 Paramyxoviridae Orthoavulavirus Galliformes False True Gogoi P, Ganar K, Kumar S (2017). Avian Paramyxovirus: A Brief Review. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64(1), 53-67. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/tbed.12355.
Avian paraavulavirus 3 Paramyxoviridae Paraavulavirus Galliformes False False Gogoi P, Ganar K, Kumar S (2017). Avian Paramyxovirus: A Brief Review. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64(1), 53-67. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/tbed.12355.
Avian paraavulavirus 4 Paramyxoviridae Paraavulavirus Anseriformes False False Gogoi P, Ganar K, Kumar S (2017). Avian Paramyxovirus: A Brief Review. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64(1), 53-67. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/tbed.12355.
Avian metaavulavirus 6 Paramyxoviridae Metaavulavirus Anseriformes False False Gogoi P, Ganar K, Kumar S (2017). Avian Paramyxovirus: A Brief Review. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64(1), 53-67. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/tbed.12355.
Avian metaavulavirus 7 Paramyxoviridae Metaavulavirus Galliformes False False Gogoi P, Ganar K, Kumar S (2017). Avian Paramyxovirus: A Brief Review. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64(1), 53-67. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/tbed.12355.
Avian metaavulavirus 8 Paramyxoviridae Metaavulavirus Anseriformes False False Gogoi P, Ganar K, Kumar S (2017). Avian Paramyxovirus: A Brief Review. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 64(1), 53-67. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/tbed.12355.
Avian coronavirus Coronaviridae Gammacoronavirus Galliformes False False Cavanagh D (2007). Coronavirus Avian Infectious Bronchitis Virus. Veterinary Research, 38(2), 281-297. ISSN 0928-4249, 1297-9716, doi: 10.1051/vetres:2006055.
Avian metapneumovirus Pneumoviridae Metapneumovirus Galliformes False False Njenga M, Lwamba HM, Seal BS (2003). Metapneumoviruses in Birds and Humans. Virus Research, 91(2), 163-169. ISSN 01681702, doi: 10.1016/S0168-1702(02)00256-3.
Avihepatovirus A Picornaviridae Avihepatovirus Anseriformes False False Pattison M, McMullin P, Bradbury JM, Alexander D (eds.) (2007). Poultry Diseases. Elsevier Health Sciences. ISBN 978-0-7020-2862-5.
Avisivirus B Picornaviridae Avisivirus Galliformes False False Lau SKP, Woo PCY, Yip CCY, Li KSM, Fan RYY, Bai R, Huang Y, Chan K, Yuen K (2014). Chickens Host Diverse Picornaviruses Originated from Potential Interspecies Transmission with Recombination. Journal of General Virology, 95(9), 1929-1944. ISSN 0022-1317, 1465-2099, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.066597-0.
Avisivirus C Picornaviridae Avisivirus Galliformes False False Lau SKP, Woo PCY, Yip CCY, Li KSM, Fan RYY, Bai R, Huang Y, Chan K, Yuen K (2014). Chickens Host Diverse Picornaviruses Originated from Potential Interspecies Transmission with Recombination. Journal of General Virology, 95(9), 1929-1944. ISSN 0022-1317, 1465-2099, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.066597-0.
Pestivirus I Flaviviridae Pestivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Baboon orthoreovirus Reoviridae Orthoreovirus Primates False False Coombs KM (2011). Reoviruses. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001084.pub3.
Bagaza virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Galliformes True True Llorente F, Pérez-Ramírez E, Fernández-Pinero J, Elizalde M, Figuerola J, Soriguer RC, Jiménez-Clavero MÁ (2015). Bagaza Virus Is Pathogenic and Transmitted by Direct Contact in Experimentally Infected Partridges, but Is Not Infectious in House Sparrows and Adult Mice. Veterinary Research, 46(1). ISSN 1297-9716, doi: 10.1186/s13567-015-0233-9. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Banna virus Reoviridae Seadornavirus Cetartiodactyla True True

Dash AP, Bhatia R, Sunyoto T, Mourya DT (2013). Emerging and Re-Emerging Arboviral Diseases in Southeast Asia. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, 50(2), 77-84. ISSN 09729062.

Xia H, Wang Y, Atoni E, Zhang B, Yuan Z (2018). Mosquito-Associated Viruses in China. Virologica Sinica, 33(1), 5-20. ISSN 1995-820X, doi: 10.1007/s12250-018-0002-9.

Dash AP, Bhatia R, Sunyoto T, Mourya DT (2013). Emerging and Re-Emerging Arboviral Diseases in Southeast Asia. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases, 50(2), 77-84. ISSN 09729062.
Bat coronavirus CDPHE15 Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bat coronavirus HKU10 Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bayou orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.

Bear Canyon mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Berrimah ephemerovirus Rhabdoviridae Ephemerovirus Cetartiodactyla True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Betacoronavirus 1 Coronaviridae Betacoronavirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Betacoronavirus 1 Coronaviridae Betacoronavirus Perissodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bimiti orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Rodentia True False

Jonkers AH, Spence L, Downs WG, Aitken THG, Worth CB (1968). Arbovirus Studies in Bush Bush Forest, Trinidad, W. I., September 1959–December 1964. VI. Rodent-Associated Viruses (VEE and Agents of Groups C and Guamá): Isolations and Further Studies. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 17(2), 285-298. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1968.17.285.

Jonkers AH, Spence L, Olivier O (1968). Laboratory Studies with Wild Rodents and Viruses Native to Trinidad. III. Studies with Three Guamá-Group Viruses. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 17(2), 299-307. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1968.17.299.

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.

Black Creek Canal orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True

Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Glass GE, Livingstone W, Mills JN, Hlady WG, Fine JB, Biggler W, Coke T, Frazier D, Atherley S, Rollin PE, Ksiazek TG, Peters CJ, Childs JE (1998). Black Creek Canal Virus Infection in Sigmodon Hispidus in Southern Florida. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 59(5), 699-703. ISSN 0002-9637, 1476-1645, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1998.59.699.

Bluetongue virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Cetartiodactyla True False

Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bokeloh bat lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Pestivirus D Flaviviridae Pestivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bos taurus polyomavirus 1 Polyomaviridae Cetartiodactyla False False

Calvignac-Spencer S, Feltkamp MC, Daugherty MD, Moens U, Ramqvist T, Johne R, Ehlers B (2016). A Taxonomy Update for the Family Polyomaviridae. Archives of Virology, 161(6), 1739-1750. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-2794-y.

Schuurman R, van Steenis B, Sol C (1991). Bovine Polyomavirus, a Frequent Contaminant of Calf Serum. Biologicals, 19(4), 265-270. ISSN 10451056, doi: 10.1016/S1045-1056(05)80014-4.

Bovine alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Raaperi K, Orro T, Viltrop A (2014). Epidemiology and Control of Bovine Herpesvirus 1 Infection in Europe. Veterinary Journal, 201(3), 249-256. ISSN 15322971, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2014.05.040.
Bovine alphaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Watanabe TTN, Moeller RB, Crossley BM, Blanchard PC (2017). Outbreaks of Bovine Herpesvirus 2 Infections in Calves Causing Ear and Facial Skin Lesions. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 29(5), 686-690. ISSN 1040-6387, doi: 10.1177/1040638717704480.

Bovine alphaherpesvirus 5 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Del Médico Zajac MP, Ladelfa MF, Kotsias F, Muylkens B, Thiry J, Thiry E, Romera SA (2010). Biology of Bovine Herpesvirus 5. The Veterinary Journal, 184(2), 138-145. ISSN 1090-0233, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.03.035.

Bovine atadenovirus D Adenoviridae Atadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Bovine fever ephemerovirus Rhabdoviridae Ephemerovirus Cetartiodactyla True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bovine foamy virus Retroviridae Bovispumavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Romen F, Backes P, Materniak M, Sting R, Vahlenkamp TW, Riebe R, Pawlita M, Kuzmak J, Löchelt M (2007). Serological Detection Systems for Identification of Cows Shedding Bovine Foamy Virus via Milk. Virology, 364(1), 123-131. ISSN 0042-6822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2007.03.009.

Bovine gammaherpesvirus 4 Herpesviridae Rhadinovirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Dewals B, Thirion M, Markine-Goriaynoff N, Gillet L, de Fays K, Minner F, Daix V, Sharp PM, Vanderplasschen A (2006). Evolution of Bovine Herpesvirus 4: Recombination and Transmission between African Buffalo and Cattle. Journal of General Virology, 87(6), 1509-1519. ISSN 0022-1317, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.81757-0.

Bovine immunodeficiency virus Retroviridae Lentivirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Gonda MA, Luther DG, Fong SE, Tobin GJ (1994). Bovine Immunodeficiency Virus: Molecular Biology and Virus-Host Interactions. Virus Research, 32(2), 155-181. ISSN 0168-1702, doi: 10.1016/0168-1702(94)90040-X.

Bovine leukemia virus Retroviridae Deltaretrovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Ghysdael J, Bruck C, Kettmann R, Burny A (1984). Bovine Leukemia Virus. In Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology, volume 112, 1-19. Springer-Verlag.
Bovine mastadenovirus A Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Ginsberg HS (1984). The Adenoviruses. Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 978-1-4684-7935-5.

Bovine mastadenovirus B Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Ginsberg HS (1984). The Adenoviruses. Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 978-1-4684-7935-5.

Bovine mastadenovirus C Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Ginsberg HS (1984). The Adenoviruses. Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 978-1-4684-7935-5.

Bovine orthopneumovirus Pneumoviridae Orthopneumovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bovine papular stomatitis virus Poxviridae Parapoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False True

Crandell RA (1981). Bovine Papular Stomatitis. In Ristic M, McIntyre W (eds.), Diseases of Cattle in the Tropics. Current Topics in Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, Vol 6., 67-68. Springer, Dordrecht. ISBN 978-94-011-8352-9, doi: 10.1007/978-94-011-9034-3_6.

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bovine respirovirus 3 Paramyxoviridae Respirovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bovine torovirus Tobaniviridae Torovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Pestivirus A Flaviviridae Pestivirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Pestivirus B Flaviviridae Pestivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Pestivirus H Flaviviridae Pestivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Bubaline alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Caruso C, Prato R, Ingravalle F, Vecchio D, Sciarra A, Ternavasio M, Ceccarelli L, Martucciello A, Galiero G, De Carlo E, Masoero L (2016). Prevalence of Antibodies against Bubaline Herpesvirus (BuHV-1) among Mediterranean Water Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) with Implications in Buffalo Trade. Veterinary Quarterly, 36(4), 184-188. ISSN 18755941, doi: 10.1080/01652176.2016.1205236.
Bukalasa bat virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False False Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154. Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154.
California encephalitis orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Rodentia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Callitrichine gammaherpesvirus 3 Herpesviridae Lymphocryptovirus Primates False False

Davison AJ, Eberle R, Ehlers B, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2009). The Order Herpesvirales. Archives of Virology, 154(1), 171-177. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0278-4.

Cho Y, Ramer J, Rivailler P, Quink C, Garber RL, Beier DR, Wang F (2001). An Epstein-Barr-Related Herpesvirus from Marmoset Lymphomas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 98(3), 1224-9. ISSN 0027-8424, doi: 10.1073/pnas.98.3.1224.

Camelpox virus Poxviridae Orthopoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Canid alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Carnivora False False

Krogenæs A, Rootwelt V, Larsen S, Sjøberg EK, Akselsen B, Skår TM, Myhre SS, Renström LHM, Klingeborn B, Lund A (2012). A Serologic Study of Canine Herpes Virus-1 Infection in the Norwegian Adult Dog Population. Theriogenology, 78(1), 153-158. ISSN 0093691X, doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2012.01.031.

Gaskell R, Willoughby K (1999). Herpesviruses of Carnivores. Veterinary Microbiology, 69(1-2), 73-88. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/S0378-1135(99)00092-9.

Canine mastadenovirus A Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Carnivora False False
Canine morbillivirus Paramyxoviridae Morbillivirus Carnivora False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Cano Delgadito orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False False Fulhorst CF, Milazzo ML, Duno G, Salas RA (2002). Experimental Infection of the Sigmodon Alstoni Cotton Rat with Caño Delgadito Virus, a South American Hantavirus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 67(1), 107-111. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2002.67.107.
Caprine alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Davison AJ, Eberle R, Ehlers B, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2009). The Order Herpesvirales. Archives of Virology, 154(1), 171-177. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0278-4.
Caprine arthritis encephalitis virus Retroviridae Lentivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Caraparu orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Primates True True Oliveira DB, Luiz APMF, Fagundes A, Pinto CA, Bonjardim CA, Trindade GS, Kroon EG, Abrahão JS, Ferreira PC (2016). Evidence of Apeu Virus Infection in Wild Monkeys, Brazilian Amazon. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 94(3), 494-496. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0688. Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Cardiovirus A Picornaviridae Cardiovirus Rodentia False True

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Carocci M, Bakkali-Kassimi L (2012). The Encephalomyocarditis Virus. Virulence, 3(4), 351-367. ISSN 21505608, doi: 10.4161/viru.20573.

Cardiovirus B Picornaviridae Cardiovirus Rodentia False True Lipton HL, Manoj Kumar AS, Hertzler S (2007). Cardioviruses: Encephalomyocarditis Virus and Theiler’s Murine Encephalomyelitis Virus. In Fox JG, Davisson MT, Quimby FW, Barthold SW, Newcomer CE, Smith AL (eds.), The Mouse in Biomedical Research, volume 2, Second edition, 311-323. Academic Press. ISBN 978-0-12-369454-6, doi: 10.1016/B978-012369454-6/50040-6.
Carey Island virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False False Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154.
Carnivore amdoparvovirus 1 Parvoviridae Amdoparvovirus Carnivora False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Carnivore bocaparvovirus 1 Parvoviridae Bocaparvovirus Carnivora False False Carmichael LE, Schlafer DH, Hashimoto A (1994). Minute Virus of Canines (MVC, Canine Parvovirus Type-1): Pathogenicity for Pups and Seroprevalence Estimate. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 6(2), 165-174. ISSN 1040-6387, doi: 10.1177/104063879400600206.
Carnivore protoparvovirus 1 Parvoviridae Protoparvovirus Carnivora False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Caviid betaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Rodentia False False Hsiung GD, Bia FJ, Fong CK (1980). Viruses of Guinea Pigs: Considerations for Biomedical Research. Microbiological Reviews, 44(3), 468-490. ISSN 0146-0749.
Cedar henipavirus Paramyxoviridae Henipavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Cercopithecine alphaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Primates False False

Davison AJ, Eberle R, Ehlers B, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2009). The Order Herpesvirales. Archives of Virology, 154(1), 171-177. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0278-4.

Borchers K, Ludwig H (1991). Simian Agent 8-A Herpes Simplex-like Monkey Virus. Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, 14(2), 125-132. ISSN 01479571, doi: 10.1016/0147-9571(91)90126-X.

Cercopithecine alphaherpesvirus 9 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Primates False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Mahalingam R, Gilden D (2007). Simian Varicella Virus. In Arvin A, Campadelli-Fiume G, Mocarski E, Moore PS, Roizman B, Whitley R, Yamanishi K (eds.), Human Herpesviruses: Biology, Therapy, and Immunoprophylaxis. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. ISBN 978-0-521-82714-0.

Cercopithecine betaherpesvirus 5 Herpesviridae Cytomegalovirus Primates False False

Davison AJ, Eberle R, Ehlers B, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2009). The Order Herpesvirales. Archives of Virology, 154(1), 171-177. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0278-4.

Black PH, Hartley JW, Rowe WP (1963). Isolation of a Cytomegalovirus from African Green Monkey. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, 112, 601-605. ISSN 0037-9727, doi: 10.3181/00379727-112-28115.

Cervid alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Thiry J, Dams L, Muylkens B, Thiry E (2011). Isolation of Cervid Herpesvirus 1 from the Genital Tract of a Farmed Red Deer in Northern France. Veterinary Journal, 187(2), 282-283. ISSN 10900233, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.11.021.
Cervid alphaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Cetartiodactyla False False das Neves CG, Roth S, Rimstad E, Thiry E, Tryland M (2010). Cervid Herpesvirus 2 Infection in Reindeer: A Review. Veterinary Microbiology, 143(1), 70-80. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2010.02.015.
Cetacean morbillivirus Paramyxoviridae Morbillivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Chapare mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Chikungunya virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Primates True True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Choclo orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Vincent MJ, Quiroz E, Gracia F, Sanchez AJ, Ksiazek TG, Kitsutani PT, Ruedas LA, Tinnin DS, Caceres L, Garcia A, Rollin PE, Mills JN, Peters CJ, Nichol ST (2000). Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Panama: Identification of Novel Hantaviruses and Their Likely Reservoirs. Virology, 277(1), 14-19. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1006/viro.2000.0563.
Pestivirus C Flaviviridae Pestivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Coastal Plains tibrovirus Rhabdoviridae Tibrovirus Cetartiodactyla True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Colorado tick fever virus Reoviridae Coltivirus Rodentia True True Emmons RW (1988). Ecology of Colorado Tick Fever. Annual Review of Microbiology, 49-64. doi: 10.1146/annurev.mi.42.100188.000405. Vasilakis N, Gubler DJ (eds.) (2016). Arboviruses: Molecular Biology, Evolution and Control. Caister Academic Press, Norfolk. ISBN 978-1-910190-22-7.
Coronavirus HKU15 Coronaviridae Deltacoronavirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Cowbone Ridge virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia False False Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154.
Cowpox virus Poxviridae Orthopoxvirus Rodentia False True Essbauer S, Pfeffer M, Meyer H (2010). Zoonotic Poxviruses. Veterinary Microbiology, 140(3-4), 229-236. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.08.026.
Cupixi mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Dakar bat virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False False Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154. Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154.
Deltapapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Deltapapillomavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Deltapapillomavirus 2 Papillomaviridae Deltapapillomavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Deltapapillomavirus 3 Papillomaviridae Deltapapillomavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Deltapapillomavirus 4 Papillomaviridae Deltapapillomavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Dengue virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Primates True True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Dobrava-Belgrade orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Dugbe orthonairovirus Nairoviridae Orthonairovirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Duvenhage lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Eastern equine encephalitis virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Passeriformes True True Arrigo NC, Adams AP, Watts DM, Newman PC, Weaver SC (2010). Cotton Rats and House Sparrows as Hosts for North and South American Strains of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 16(9), 1373-1380. ISSN 1080-6040, 1080-6059, doi: 10.3201/eid1609.100459. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Ectromelia virus Poxviridae Orthopoxvirus Rodentia False False Esteban DJ, Buller RML (2005). Ectromelia Virus: The Causative Agent of Mousepox. Journal of General Virology, 86(10), 2645-2659. ISSN 00221317, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.81090-0.
El Moro Canyon orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False False Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Entebbe bat virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Enterovirus A Picornaviridae Enterovirus Primates False True Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Enterovirus B Picornaviridae Enterovirus Primates False True Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Enterovirus E Picornaviridae Enterovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Zhu L, Xing Z, Gai X, Li S, San Z, Wang X (2014). Identification of a Novel Enterovirus e Isolates HY12 from Cattle with Severe Respiratory and Enteric Diseases. PLoS ONE, 9(5). ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0097730.
Enterovirus G Picornaviridae Enterovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knowles N, Picornaviridae Study Group (2012). ICTV Proposal 2011.018a,bV. International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses.
Enterovirus H Picornaviridae Enterovirus Primates False False Oberste MS, Maher K, Pallansch MA (2007). Complete Genome Sequences for Nine Simian Enteroviruses. Journal of General Virology, 88, 3360-3372. doi: 10.1099/vir.0.83124-0.
Enterovirus I Picornaviridae Enterovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Cetartiodactyla True False Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3. Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Epsilonpapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Epsilonpapillomavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Perissodactyla False False Crabb BS, Studdert MJ (1995). Equine Herpesviruses 4 (Equine Rhinopneumonitis Virus) and 1 (Equine Abortion Virus). Advances in Virus Research, 45, 153-190.
Equid alphaherpesvirus 3 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Perissodactyla False False Barrandeguy M, Vissani A, Lezica FP, Salamone J, Heguy A, Becerra L, Olguin Perglione C, Thiry E (2010). Subclinical Infection and Periodic Shedding of Equid Herpesvirus 3. Theriogenology, 74(4), 576-580. ISSN 0093691X, doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2010.03.014.
Equid alphaherpesvirus 4 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Perissodactyla False False Crabb BS, Studdert MJ (1995). Equine Herpesviruses 4 (Equine Rhinopneumonitis Virus) and 1 (Equine Abortion Virus). Advances in Virus Research, 45, 153-190.
Equid alphaherpesvirus 8 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Perissodactyla False False Garvey M, Suárez NM, Kerr K, Hector R, Moloney-Quinn L, Arkins S, Davison AJ, Cullinane A (2018). Equid Herpesvirus 8: Complete Genome Sequence and Association with Abortion in Mares. PLoS ONE, 13(2), 1-17. ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0192301.
Equid alphaherpesvirus 9 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Perissodactyla False False Borchers K, Lieckfeldt D, Ludwig A, Fukushi H, Allen G, Fyumagwa R, Hoare R (2008). Detection of Equid Herpesvirus 9 DNA in the Trigeminal Ganglia of a Burchell’s Zebra from the Serengeti Ecosystem. Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, 70(12), 1377-1381. ISSN 0916-7250, doi: 10.1292/jvms.70.1377.
Equid gammaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Percavirus Perissodactyla False False Fortier G, van Erck E, Pronost S, Lekeux P, Thiry E (2010). Equine Gammaherpesviruses: Pathogenesis, Epidemiology and Diagnosis. Veterinary Journal, 186(2), 148-156. ISSN 10900233, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.08.017.
Equid gammaherpesvirus 5 Herpesviridae Percavirus Perissodactyla False False Fortier G, van Erck E, Pronost S, Lekeux P, Thiry E (2010). Equine Gammaherpesviruses: Pathogenesis, Epidemiology and Diagnosis. Veterinary Journal, 186(2), 148-156. ISSN 10900233, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2009.08.017.
Equid gammaherpesvirus 7 Herpesviridae Perissodactyla False False Marenzoni M, Stefanetti V, Danzetta ML, Timoney PJ (2015). Gammaherpesvirus Infections in Equids: A Review. Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports, 91. ISSN 2230-2034, doi: 10.2147/VMRR.S39473.
Alphaarterivirus equid Arteriviridae Alphaarterivirus Perissodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Equine encephalosis virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Perissodactyla True False Oura CA, Batten CA, Ivens PA, Balcha M, Alhassan A, Gizaw D, Elharrak M, Jallow DB, Sahle M, Maan N, Mertens PC, Maan S (2012). Equine Encephalosis Virus: Evidence for Circulation beyond Southern Africa. Epidemiology and Infection, 140(11), 1982-1986. ISSN 09502688, doi: 10.1017/S0950268811002688. Oura CA, Batten CA, Ivens PA, Balcha M, Alhassan A, Gizaw D, Elharrak M, Jallow DB, Sahle M, Maan N, Mertens PC, Maan S (2012). Equine Encephalosis Virus: Evidence for Circulation beyond Southern Africa. Epidemiology and Infection, 140(11), 1982-1986. ISSN 09502688, doi: 10.1017/S0950268811002688.
Equine foamy virus Retroviridae Equispumavirus Perissodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Equine infectious anemia virus Retroviridae Lentivirus Perissodactyla True False Cook RF, Leroux C, Issel CJ (2013). Equine Infectious Anemia and Equine Infectious Anemia Virus in 2013: A Review. Veterinary Microbiology, 167(1-2), 181-204. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.09.031. Cook RF, Leroux C, Issel CJ (2013). Equine Infectious Anemia and Equine Infectious Anemia Virus in 2013: A Review. Veterinary Microbiology, 167(1-2), 181-204. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2013.09.031.
Equine mastadenovirus A Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Perissodactyla False False Cavanagh HMA, Mahony TJ, Vanniasinkam T (2012). Genetic Characterization of Equine Adenovirus Type 1. Veterinary Microbiology, 155, 33-37. ISSN 0378-1135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.08.014.
Equine mastadenovirus B Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Perissodactyla False False Cavanagh HMA, Mahony TJ, Vanniasinkam T (2012). Genetic Characterization of Equine Adenovirus Type 1. Veterinary Microbiology, 155, 33-37. ISSN 0378-1135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.08.014.
Equine rhinitis A virus Picornaviridae Aphthovirus Perissodactyla False False Savage CJ, Middleton D, Studdert MJ (2013). Adeno, Hendra, and Equine Rhinitis Viral Respiratory Diseases. In Sellon DC, Long M (eds.), Equine Infectious Diseases, Second edition, 189-197. Saunders, St. Louis. ISBN 978-1-4557-0891-8.
Equine torovirus Tobaniviridae Torovirus Perissodactyla False False Cavanagh D (2005). Coronaviridae: A Review of Coronaviruses and Toroviruses. Coronaviruses with special emphasis on first insights concerning SARS, 232. doi: 10.1007/3-7643-7339-3_1.
Erbovirus A Picornaviridae Erbovirus Perissodactyla False False Savage CJ, Middleton D, Studdert MJ (2013). Adeno, Hendra, and Equine Rhinitis Viral Respiratory Diseases. In Sellon DC, Long M (eds.), Equine Infectious Diseases, Second edition, 189-197. Saunders, St. Louis. ISBN 978-1-4557-0891-8.
European bat 1 lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
European bat 2 lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
European brown hare syndrome virus Caliciviridae Lagovirus Lagomorpha False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Everglades virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Rodentia True True Contigiani MS, Diaz LA (2017). Togaviridae. In Marcondes CB (ed.), Arthropod Borne Diseases, 115-135. Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-319-13884-8, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13884-8. Contigiani MS, Diaz LA (2017). Togaviridae. In Marcondes CB (ed.), Arthropod Borne Diseases, 115-135. Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-319-13884-8, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13884-8.
Felid alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Carnivora False False Gaskell R, Willoughby K (1999). Herpesviruses of Carnivores. Veterinary Microbiology, 69(1-2), 73-88. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/S0378-1135(99)00092-9.
Feline calicivirus Caliciviridae Vesivirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Feline foamy virus Retroviridae Felispumavirus Carnivora False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Feline immunodeficiency virus Retroviridae Lentivirus Carnivora False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Feline leukemia virus Retroviridae Gammaretrovirus Carnivora False False Hardy WD, Hess PW, Macewen EG, Mcclelland AJ, Zuckerman EE, Cotter SM, Jarrett O (1976). Biology of Feline Leukemia Virus in the Natural Environment Environment 1. Cancer Research, 36, 582-588.
Feline morbillivirus Paramyxoviridae Morbillivirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Fikirini ledantevirus Rhabdoviridae Ledantevirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Flexal mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Foot-and-mouth disease virus Picornaviridae Aphthovirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Fort Morgan virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Passeriformes True False Allison AB, Stallknecht DE, Holmes EC (2015). Evolutionary Genetics and Vector Adaptation of Recombinant Viruses of the Western Equine Encephalitis Antigenic Complex Provides New Insights into Alphavirus Diversity and Host Switching. Virology, 474, 154-162. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2014.10.024. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Gairo mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Ghanaian bat henipavirus Paramyxoviridae Henipavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Gibbon ape leukemia virus Retroviridae Gammaretrovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Goatpox virus Poxviridae Capripoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False False Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Gorilline gammaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Lymphocryptovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Ground squirrel hepatitis virus Hepadnaviridae Orthohepadnavirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Guanarito mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Hantaan orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Hendra henipavirus Paramyxoviridae Henipavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Hepatitis B virus Hepadnaviridae Orthohepadnavirus Primates False True Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Hepatovirus A Picornaviridae Hepatovirus Primates False True Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Hepatovirus B Picornaviridae Hepatovirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Highlands J virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Passeriformes True False Allison AB, Stallknecht DE, Holmes EC (2015). Evolutionary Genetics and Vector Adaptation of Recombinant Viruses of the Western Equine Encephalitis Antigenic Complex Provides New Insights into Alphavirus Diversity and Host Switching. Virology, 474, 154-162. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2014.10.024. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Hippotragine gammaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Macavirus Cetartiodactyla False False O’Toole D, Li H (2014). The Pathology of Malignant Catarrhal Fever, With an Emphasis on Ovine Herpesvirus 2. Veterinary Pathology, 51(2), 437-452. ISSN 03009858, doi: 10.1177/0300985813520435.
Human coronavirus 229E Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Human mastadenovirus B Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Primates False True Wevers D, Metzger S, Babweteera F, Bieberbach M, Boesch C, Cameron K, Couacy-Hymann E, Cranfield M, Gray M, Harris LA, Head J, Jeffery K, Knauf S, Lankester F, Leendertz SAJ, Lonsdorf E, Mugisha L, Nitsche A, Reed P, Robbins M, Travis DA, Zommers Z, Leendertz FH, Ehlers B (2011). Novel Adenoviruses in Wild Primates: A High Level of Genetic Diversity and Evidence of Zoonotic Transmissions. Journal of virology, 85(20), 10774-10784. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00810-11.
Human mastadenovirus C Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Primates False True Wevers D, Metzger S, Babweteera F, Bieberbach M, Boesch C, Cameron K, Couacy-Hymann E, Cranfield M, Gray M, Harris LA, Head J, Jeffery K, Knauf S, Lankester F, Leendertz SAJ, Lonsdorf E, Mugisha L, Nitsche A, Reed P, Robbins M, Travis DA, Zommers Z, Leendertz FH, Ehlers B (2011). Novel Adenoviruses in Wild Primates: A High Level of Genetic Diversity and Evidence of Zoonotic Transmissions. Journal of virology, 85(20), 10774-10784. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00810-11.
Human mastadenovirus E Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Primates False True Wevers D, Metzger S, Babweteera F, Bieberbach M, Boesch C, Cameron K, Couacy-Hymann E, Cranfield M, Gray M, Harris LA, Head J, Jeffery K, Knauf S, Lankester F, Leendertz SAJ, Lonsdorf E, Mugisha L, Nitsche A, Reed P, Robbins M, Travis DA, Zommers Z, Leendertz FH, Ehlers B (2011). Novel Adenoviruses in Wild Primates: A High Level of Genetic Diversity and Evidence of Zoonotic Transmissions. Journal of virology, 85(20), 10774-10784. doi: 10.1128/JVI.00810-11.
Indiana vesiculovirus Rhabdoviridae Vesiculovirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Influenza A virus Orthomyxoviridae Alphainfluenzavirus Anseriformes False True Webster RG, Bean WJ, Gorman OT, Chambers TM, Kawaoka Y (1992). Evolution and Ecology of Influenza A Viruses. Microbiological Reviews, 56(1), 152-179.
Influenza A virus Orthomyxoviridae Alphainfluenzavirus Cetartiodactyla False True Webster RG, Bean WJ, Gorman OT, Chambers TM, Kawaoka Y (1992). Evolution and Ecology of Influenza A Viruses. Microbiological Reviews, 56(1), 152-179.
Influenza A virus Orthomyxoviridae Alphainfluenzavirus Carnivora False True Gibbs EPJ, Anderson TC (2010). Equine and Canine Influenza: A Review of Current Events. Animal health research reviews, 11(1), 43-51. ISSN 14752654, doi: 10.1017/S1466252310000046.
Iotapapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Iotapapillomavirus Rodentia False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Ippy mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Irkut lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Isfahan vesiculovirus Rhabdoviridae Vesiculovirus Rodentia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus Retroviridae Betaretrovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Japanese encephalitis virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Cetartiodactyla True True Lord JS, Gurley ES, Pulliam JRC (2015). Rethinking Japanese Encephalitis Virus Transmission: A Framework for Implicating Host and Vector Species. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9(12), e0004074. ISSN 1935-2735, doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004074. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Argentinian mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Jutiapa virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Kappapapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Kappapapillomavirus Lagomorpha False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Kappapapillomavirus 2 Papillomaviridae Kappapapillomavirus Lagomorpha False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Kasokero orthonairovirus Nairoviridae Orthonairovirus Chiroptera False True

Kalunda M, Mukwaya LG, Mukuye A, Lule M, Sekyalo E, Wright J, Casals J (1986). Kasokero Virus: A New Human Pathogen from Bats (Rousettus Aegyptiacus) in Uganda. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 35(2), 387-392. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1986.35.387.

Walker PJ, Widen SG, Firth C, Blasdell KR, Wood TG, Travassos Da Rosa AP, Guzman H, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N (2015). Genomic Characterization of Yogue, Kasokero, Issyk-Kul, Keterah, Gossas, and Thiafora Viruses: Nairoviruses Naturally Infecting Bats, Shrews, and Ticks. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 93(5), 1041-1051. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0344.

Walker PJ, Widen SG, Wood TG, Guzman H, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N (2016). A Global Genomic Characterization of Nairoviruses Identifies Nine Discrete Genogroups with Distinctive Structural Characteristics and Host-Vector Associations. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 94(5), 1107-1122. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0917.
Kern Canyon ledantevirus Rhabdoviridae Ledantevirus Chiroptera False False

Kuzmin IV, Hughes GJ, Rupprecht CE (2006). Phylogenetic Relationships of Seven Previously Unclassfied Viruses within the Family Rhabdoviridae Using Partial Nucleoprotein Gene Sequences. Journal of General Virology, 87(8), 2323-2331. ISSN 00221317, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.81879-0.

Blasdell KR, Guzman H, Widen SG, Firth C, Wood TG, Holmes EC, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Walker PJ (2015). Ledantevirus: A Proposed New Genus in the Rhabdoviridae Has a Strong Ecological Association with Bats. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 92(2), 405-410. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0606.

Kuzmin IV, Hughes GJ, Rupprecht CE (2006). Phylogenetic Relationships of Seven Previously Unclassfied Viruses within the Family Rhabdoviridae Using Partial Nucleoprotein Gene Sequences. Journal of General Virology, 87(8), 2323-2331. ISSN 00221317, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.81879-0.
Keuraliba ledantevirus Rhabdoviridae Ledantevirus Rodentia False False Cropp CB, Prange WC, Monath TP (1985). LeDantec Virus: Identification as a Rhabdovirus Associated with Human Infection and Formation of a New Serogroup. Journal of General Virology, 66(12), 2749-2754. ISSN 00221317, doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-66-12-2749.

Cropp CB, Prange WC, Monath TP (1985). LeDantec Virus: Identification as a Rhabdovirus Associated with Human Infection and Formation of a New Serogroup. Journal of General Virology, 66(12), 2749-2754. ISSN 00221317, doi: 10.1099/0022-1317-66-12-2749.

Blasdell KR, Guzman H, Widen SG, Firth C, Wood TG, Holmes EC, Tesh RB, Vasilakis N, Walker PJ (2015). Ledantevirus: A Proposed New Genus in the Rhabdoviridae Has a Strong Ecological Association with Bats. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 92(2), 405-410. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.14-0606.

Khabarovsk orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False False Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Khujand lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Kimberley ephemerovirus Rhabdoviridae Ephemerovirus Cetartiodactyla True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Kokobera virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Diprotodontia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Koutango virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia True True Shope RE (2003). Epidemiology of Other Arthropod-Borne Flaviviruses Infecting Humans. In Chambers TJ, Monath TP (eds.), The Flaviviruses: Detection, Diagnosis, and Vaccine Development. Advances in Virus Research, Vol 61, volume 61, 373-391. Elsevier. ISBN 0-12-039861-3, doi: 10.1016/S0065-3527(03)61009-2. Shope RE (2003). Epidemiology of Other Arthropod-Borne Flaviviruses Infecting Humans. In Chambers TJ, Monath TP (eds.), The Flaviviruses: Detection, Diagnosis, and Vaccine Development. Advances in Virus Research, Vol 61, volume 61, 373-391. Elsevier. ISBN 0-12-039861-3, doi: 10.1016/S0065-3527(03)61009-2.
Kyasanur Forest disease virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Primates True True Calisher CH, Gould EA (2003). Taxonomy of the Virus Family Flaviviridae. Advances in Virus Research, 59, 1-19. ISSN 00653527, doi: 10.1016/S0065-3527(03)59001-7. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Gammaarterivirus lacdeh Arteriviridae Gammaarterivirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Lagos bat lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Laguna Negra orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Lambdapapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Lambdapapillomavirus Carnivora False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Lambdapapillomavirus 2 Papillomaviridae Lambdapapillomavirus Carnivora False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Langur virus Retroviridae Betaretrovirus Primates False False Fine D, Schochetman G (1978). Type D Primate Retroviruses: A Review. Cancer Research, 38(10), 3123-3139. ISSN 15387445.
Lassa mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Latino mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Lloviu cuevavirus Filoviridae Cuevavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Loei River mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Louping ill virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Lujo mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Lumpy skin disease virus Poxviridae Capripoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False False Tuppurainen ESM, Oura CAL (2012). Review: Lumpy Skin Disease: An Emerging Threat to Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 59(1), 40-48. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01242.x. Tuppurainen ESM, Oura CAL (2012). Review: Lumpy Skin Disease: An Emerging Threat to Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 59(1), 40-48. ISSN 18651674, doi: 10.1111/j.1865-1682.2011.01242.x.
Luna mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Lunk mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Macaca mulatta polyomavirus 1 Polyomaviridae Betapolyomavirus Primates False True Calvignac-Spencer S, Feltkamp MC, Daugherty MD, Moens U, Ramqvist T, Johne R, Ehlers B (2016). A Taxonomy Update for the Family Polyomaviridae. Archives of Virology, 161(6), 1739-1750. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-2794-y.
Macacine alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Primates False True Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Macacine betaherpesvirus 3 Herpesviridae Cytomegalovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Macacine gammaherpesvirus 4 Herpesviridae Lymphocryptovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Macacine gammaherpesvirus 5 Herpesviridae Rhadinovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Rhesus macaque simian foamy virus Retroviridae Simiispumavirus Primates False True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Machupo mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Macropodid alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Diprotodontia False False Stalder K, Vaz PK, Gilkerson JR, Baker R, Whiteley P, Ficorilli N, Tatarczuch L, Portas T, Skogvold K, Anderson GA, Devlin JM (2015). Prevalence and Clinical Significance of Herpesvirus Infection in Populations of Australian Marsupials. PLoS ONE, 10(7), 1-15. ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0133807.
Macropodid alphaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Diprotodontia False False Stalder K, Vaz PK, Gilkerson JR, Baker R, Whiteley P, Ficorilli N, Tatarczuch L, Portas T, Skogvold K, Anderson GA, Devlin JM (2015). Prevalence and Clinical Significance of Herpesvirus Infection in Populations of Australian Marsupials. PLoS ONE, 10(7), 1-15. ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0133807.
Madariaga virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Rodentia True True

Arrigo NC, Adams AP, Watts DM, Newman PC, Weaver SC (2010). Cotton Rats and House Sparrows as Hosts for North and South American Strains of Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 16(9), 1373-1380. ISSN 1080-6040, 1080-6059, doi: 10.3201/eid1609.100459.

Vittor AY, Armien B, Gonzalez P, Carrera J, Dominguez C, Valderrama A, Glass GE, Beltran D, Cisneros J, Wang E, Castillo A, Moreno B, Weaver SC (2016). Epidemiology of Emergent Madariaga Encephalitis in a Region with Endemic Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis: Initial Host Studies and Human Cross-Sectional Study in Darien, Panama. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(4), e0004554. ISSN 1935-2735, doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004554.

Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Main Drain orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Lagomorpha True False Calisher CH, Francy B, Smith GC, Muth DJ, Lazuick JS, Karabatsos N, Jakob WL, McLean RG (1986). Distribution of Bunyamwera Serogroup Viruses in North America, 1956-1984. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 35(2), 429-443. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1986.35.429. Contigiani MS, Diaz LA, Tauro LB (2017). Bunyaviruses. In Marcondes CB (ed.), Arthropod Borne Diseases, 137-154. Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-319-13884-8, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13884-8.
Mamastrovirus 10 Astroviridae Mamastrovirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mamastrovirus 13 Astroviridae Mamastrovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mamastrovirus 2 Astroviridae Mamastrovirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mamastrovirus 3 Astroviridae Mamastrovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mamastrovirus 4 Astroviridae Mamastrovirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mammalian orthorubulavirus 5 Paramyxoviridae Orthorubulavirus Carnivora False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mapuera orthorubulavirus Paramyxoviridae Orthorubulavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Marburg marburgvirus Filoviridae Marburgvirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mason-Pfizer monkey virus Retroviridae Betaretrovirus Primates False False Fine D, Schochetman G (1978). Type D Primate Retroviruses: A Review. Cancer Research, 38(10), 3123-3139. ISSN 15387445.
Menangle pararubulavirus Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Merino Walk mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mesocricetus auratus polyomavirus 1 Polyomaviridae Alphapolyomavirus Rodentia False False Calvignac-Spencer S, Feltkamp MC, Daugherty MD, Moens U, Ramqvist T, Johne R, Ehlers B (2016). A Taxonomy Update for the Family Polyomaviridae. Archives of Virology, 161(6), 1739-1750. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-2794-y.
Miniopterus bat coronavirus HKU8 Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mischivirus A Picornaviridae Mischivirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mischivirus C Picornaviridae Mischivirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mobala mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Modoc virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mojiang henipavirus Paramyxoviridae Henipavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Moloney murine sarcoma virus Retroviridae Gammaretrovirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Monkeypox virus Poxviridae Orthopoxvirus Rodentia False True Essbauer S, Pfeffer M, Meyer H (2010). Zoonotic Poxviruses. Veterinary Microbiology, 140(3-4), 229-236. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.08.026.
Montana myotis leukoencephalitis virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mopeia mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mouse mammary tumor virus Retroviridae Betaretrovirus Rodentia False False Henrard D, Ross SR (1988). Endogenous Mouse Mammary Tumor Virus Is Expressed in Several Organs in Addition to the Lactating Mammary Gland. Journal of virology, 62(8), 3046-3049. ISSN 0022-538X.
Mucambo virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Rodentia True True Contigiani MS, Diaz LA (2017). Togaviridae. In Marcondes CB (ed.), Arthropod Borne Diseases, 115-135. Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-319-13884-8, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13884-8. Contigiani MS, Diaz LA (2017). Togaviridae. In Marcondes CB (ed.), Arthropod Borne Diseases, 115-135. Springer, Cham. ISBN 978-3-319-13884-8, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-13884-8.
Murid betaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Muromegalovirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Murid betaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Muromegalovirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Murid gammaherpesvirus 4 Herpesviridae Rhadinovirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Murine coronavirus Coronaviridae Betacoronavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Murine leukemia virus Retroviridae Gammaretrovirus Rodentia False False Martin J, Herniou E, Cook J, O’Neill RW, Tristem M (1999). Interclass Transmission and Phyletic Host Tracking in Murine Leukemia Virus-Related Retroviruses. J Virol, 73(3), 2442-2449. ISSN 0022-538X.
Murine mastadenovirus A Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Murine mastadenovirus B Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Murine orthopneumovirus Pneumoviridae Orthopneumovirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Murine respirovirus Paramyxoviridae Respirovirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Mus musculus polyomavirus 1 Polyomaviridae Alphapolyomavirus Rodentia False False Calvignac-Spencer S, Feltkamp MC, Daugherty MD, Moens U, Ramqvist T, Johne R, Ehlers B (2016). A Taxonomy Update for the Family Polyomaviridae. Archives of Virology, 161(6), 1739-1750. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-2794-y.
Mus musculus polyomavirus 2 Polyomaviridae Betapolyomavirus Rodentia False False Calvignac-Spencer S, Feltkamp MC, Daugherty MD, Moens U, Ramqvist T, Johne R, Ehlers B (2016). A Taxonomy Update for the Family Polyomaviridae. Archives of Virology, 161(6), 1739-1750. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-016-2794-y.
Mustelid gammaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Percavirus Carnivora False False

Davison AJ, Eberle R, Ehlers B, Hayward GS, McGeoch DJ, Minson AC, Pellett PE, Roizman B, Studdert MJ, Thiry E (2009). The Order Herpesvirales. Archives of Virology, 154(1), 171-177. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-008-0278-4.

Gaskell R, Willoughby K (1999). Herpesviruses of Carnivores. Veterinary Microbiology, 69(1-2), 73-88. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/S0378-1135(99)00092-9.

Myxoma virus Poxviridae Leporipoxvirus Lagomorpha False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Nelson Bay orthoreovirus Reoviridae Orthoreovirus Chiroptera False True Coombs KM (2011). Reoviruses. Encyclopedia of Life Sciences. doi: 10.1002/9780470015902.a0001084.pub3.
New Jersey vesiculovirus Rhabdoviridae Vesiculovirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Newbury 1 virus Caliciviridae Nebovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Ngaingan hapavirus Rhabdoviridae Hapavirus Diprotodontia True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Nipah henipavirus Paramyxoviridae Henipavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Norwalk virus Caliciviridae Norovirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Norwalk virus Caliciviridae Norovirus Carnivora False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Norwalk virus Caliciviridae Norovirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Oliveros mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Omikronpapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Omikronpapillomavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Omsk hemorrhagic fever virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Orf virus Poxviridae Parapoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Orthohepevirus A Hepeviridae Orthohepevirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Orthohepevirus A Hepeviridae Orthohepevirus Carnivora False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Orthohepevirus B Hepeviridae Orthohepevirus Galliformes False False Purcell R, Emerson S (2008). Hepatitis E: An Emerging Awareness of an Old Disease. Journal of Hepatology, 48(3), 494-503. ISSN 01688278, doi: 10.1016/j.jhep.2007.12.008.
Orthohepevirus C Hepeviridae Orthohepevirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Orthohepevirus D Hepeviridae Orthohepevirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Oscivirus A Picornaviridae Oscivirus Passeriformes False False Woo PCY, Lau SKP, Huang Y, Lam CSF, Poon RWS, Tsoi H, Lee P, Tse H, Chan ASL, Luk G, Chan K, Yuen K (2010). Comparative Analysis of Six Genome Sequences of Three Novel Picornaviruses, Turdiviruses 1, 2 and 3, in Dead Wild Birds, and Proposal of Two Novel Genera, Orthoturdivirus and Paraturdivirus, in the Family Picornaviridae. Journal of General Virology, 91(10), 2433-2448. ISSN 0022-1317, 1465-2099, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.021717-0.
Ovine atadenovirus D Adenoviridae Atadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Ovine gammaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Macavirus Cetartiodactyla False False Russell GC, Stewart JP, Haig DM (2009). Malignant Catarrhal Fever: A Review. Veterinary Journal, 179(3), 324-335. ISSN 10900233, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.11.007.
Ovine mastadenovirus A Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Palyam virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Cetartiodactyla False True Whistler T, Swanepoel R, Erasmus BJ (1989). Characterization of Palyam Serogroup Orbiviruses Isolated in South Africa and Serologic Evidence for Their Widespread Distribution in the Country. Epidemiology and Infection, 102(2), 317-324. ISSN 14694409, doi: 10.1017/S095026880002999X.
Panine betaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Cytomegalovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Panine gammaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Lymphocryptovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Papiine alphaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Papiine gammaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Lymphocryptovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Paraguayan mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Parapoxvirus of red deer in New Zealand Poxviridae Parapoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Parechovirus B Picornaviridae Parechovirus Rodentia False True Fevola C, Rossi C, Rosà R, Nordström Å, Ecke F, Magnusson M, Miller AL, Niemimaa J, Olsson GE, Jääskeläinen AJ, Hörnfeldt B, Henttonen H, Hauffe HC (2017). Distribution and Seasonal Variation of Ljungan Virus in Bank Voles (Myodes Glareolus) in Fennoscandia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 53(3), 552-560. ISSN 0090-3558, doi: 10.7589/2016-06-145.
Pegivirus A Flaviviridae Pegivirus Primates False False Smith DB, Becher P, Bukh J, Gould EA, Meyers G, Monath T, Muerhoff AS, Pletnev A, Rico-Hesse R, Stapleton JT, Simmonds P (2016). Proposed Update to the Taxonomy of the Genera Hepacivirus and Pegivirus within the Flaviviridae Family. Journal of General Virology, 97(11), 2894-2907. ISSN 14652099, doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000612.
Pegivirus A Flaviviridae Pegivirus Chiroptera False False

Smith DB, Becher P, Bukh J, Gould EA, Meyers G, Monath T, Muerhoff AS, Pletnev A, Rico-Hesse R, Stapleton JT, Simmonds P (2016). Proposed Update to the Taxonomy of the Genera Hepacivirus and Pegivirus within the Flaviviridae Family. Journal of General Virology, 97(11), 2894-2907. ISSN 14652099, doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000612.

Quan P, Firth C, Conte JM, Williams SH, Zambrana-torrelio CM (2012). Bats Are a Major Natural Reservoir for Hepaciviruses and Pegiviruses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 3-8. ISSN 1091-6490, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1303037110.

Pegivirus C Flaviviridae Pegivirus Primates False True Smith DB, Becher P, Bukh J, Gould EA, Meyers G, Monath T, Muerhoff AS, Pletnev A, Rico-Hesse R, Stapleton JT, Simmonds P (2016). Proposed Update to the Taxonomy of the Genera Hepacivirus and Pegivirus within the Flaviviridae Family. Journal of General Virology, 97(11), 2894-2907. ISSN 14652099, doi: 10.1099/jgv.0.000612.
Pegivirus E Flaviviridae Pegivirus Perissodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Peruvian horse sickness virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Cetartiodactyla True False Méndez-López MR, Attoui H, Florin D, Calisher CH, Florian-Carrillo JC, Montero S (2015). Association of Vectors and Environmental Conditions during the Emergence of Peruvian Horse Sickness Orbivirus and Yunnan Orbivirus in Northern Peru. Journal of Vector Ecology, 40(2), 355-363. ISSN 19487134, doi: 10.1111/jvec.12174. Méndez-López MR, Attoui H, Florin D, Calisher CH, Florian-Carrillo JC, Montero S (2015). Association of Vectors and Environmental Conditions during the Emergence of Peruvian Horse Sickness Orbivirus and Yunnan Orbivirus in Northern Peru. Journal of Vector Ecology, 40(2), 355-363. ISSN 19487134, doi: 10.1111/jvec.12174.
Phnom Penh bat virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False False Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154. Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154.
Phocid alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Carnivora False False Gaskell R, Willoughby K (1999). Herpesviruses of Carnivores. Veterinary Microbiology, 69(1-2), 73-88. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/S0378-1135(99)00092-9.
Phocine morbillivirus Paramyxoviridae Morbillivirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Cali mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Pipapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Pipapillomavirus Rodentia False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Pipistrellus bat coronavirus HKU5 Coronaviridae Betacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Pirital mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Pixuna virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Rodentia True True Pisano MB, Ré VE, D́iaz LA, Faŕias A, Stein M, Sanchez-Seco MP, Tenorio A, Almirón WR, Contigiani MS (2010). Enzootic Activity of Pixuna and Rio Negro Viruses (Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex) in a Neotropical Region of Argentina. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.), 10(2), 199-201. ISSN 1557-7759, doi: 10.1089/vbz.2008.0156. Pisano MB, Ré VE, D́iaz LA, Faŕias A, Stein M, Sanchez-Seco MP, Tenorio A, Almirón WR, Contigiani MS (2010). Enzootic Activity of Pixuna and Rio Negro Viruses (Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex) in a Neotropical Region of Argentina. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.), 10(2), 199-201. ISSN 1557-7759, doi: 10.1089/vbz.2008.0156.
Pongine gammaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Lymphocryptovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Porcine circovirus 1 Circoviridae Circovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Allan GM, Ellis JA (2000). Porcine Circoviruses: A Review. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 12(1), 3-14. ISSN 10406387, doi: 10.1177/104063870001200102.
Porcine circovirus 2 Circoviridae Circovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Ruiz-Fons F, Segalés J, Gortázar C (2008). A Review of Viral Diseases of the European Wild Boar: Effects of Population Dynamics and Reservoir Role. Veterinary Journal, 176(2), 158-169. ISSN 10900233, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.02.017.
Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Porcine mastadenovirus A Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Porcine mastadenovirus B Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Porcine mastadenovirus C Adenoviridae Mastadenovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Betaarterivirus suid 1 Arteriviridae Betaarterivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Porcine respirovirus 1 Paramyxoviridae Respirovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Porcine orthorubulavirus Paramyxoviridae Orthorubulavirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Porcine torovirus Tobaniviridae Torovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Porcine type-C oncovirus Retroviridae Gammaretrovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Yudin NS, Aitnazarov RB, Ermolaev VI (2011). Porcine Endogenous Retroviruses: What Are the Risks of Infection Transmission in Xenotransplantation? Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research, 1(6), 532-539. doi: 10.1134/S207905971106013X.
Possum atadenovirus A Adenoviridae Atadenovirus Diprotodontia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Powassan virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Primate erythroparvovirus 2 Parvoviridae Erythroparvovirus Primates False False Brown KE, Young NS (1997). The Simian Parvoviruses. Reviews in Medical Virology, 7(4), 211-218. ISSN 10529276.
Primate erythroparvovirus 3 Parvoviridae Erythroparvovirus Primates False False Brown KE, Young NS (1997). The Simian Parvoviruses. Reviews in Medical Virology, 7(4), 211-218. ISSN 10529276.
Primate erythroparvovirus 4 Parvoviridae Erythroparvovirus Primates False False Brown KE, Young NS (1997). The Simian Parvoviruses. Reviews in Medical Virology, 7(4), 211-218. ISSN 10529276.
Primate T-lymphotropic virus 1 Retroviridae Deltaretrovirus Primates False True Verdonck K, González E, Van Dooren S, Vandamme AM, Vanham G, Gotuzzo E (2007). Human T-Lymphotropic Virus 1: Recent Knowledge about an Ancient Infection. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 7(4), 266-281. ISSN 14733099, doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(07)70081-6.
Primate T-lymphotropic virus 2 Retroviridae Deltaretrovirus Primates False True Verdonck K, González E, Van Dooren S, Vandamme AM, Vanham G, Gotuzzo E (2007). Human T-Lymphotropic Virus 1: Recent Knowledge about an Ancient Infection. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 7(4), 266-281. ISSN 14733099, doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(07)70081-6.
Primate T-lymphotropic virus 3 Retroviridae Deltaretrovirus Primates False True Sintasath DM, Wolfe ND, LeBreton M, Jia H, Garcia AD, Diffo JLD, Tamoufe U, Carr JK, Folks TM, Mpoudi-Ngole E, Burke DS, Heneine W, Switzer WM (2009). Simian T-Lymphotropic Virus Diversity among Nonhuman Primates, Cameroon. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15(2), 175-184. ISSN 10806040, doi: 10.3201/eid1502.080584.
Pestivirus E Flaviviridae Pestivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Prospect Hill orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False False Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Pseudocowpox virus Poxviridae Parapoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Puma lentivirus Retroviridae Lentivirus Carnivora False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Puumala orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Qalyub orthonairovirus Nairoviridae Orthonairovirus Rodentia True False Miller BR, Loomis R, Dejean A, Hoogstraal H (1985). Experimental Studies on the Replication and Dissemination of Qalyub Virus (Bunyaviridae: Nairovirus) in the Putative Tick Vector, Ornithodoros (Pavlovskyella) Erraticus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 34(1), 180-187. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1985.34.180. Miller BR, Loomis R, Dejean A, Hoogstraal H (1985). Experimental Studies on the Replication and Dissemination of Qalyub Virus (Bunyaviridae: Nairovirus) in the Putative Tick Vector, Ornithodoros (Pavlovskyella) Erraticus. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 34(1), 180-187. ISSN 00029637, doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.1985.34.180.
Rabbit fibroma virus Poxviridae Leporipoxvirus Lagomorpha False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Caliciviridae Lagovirus Lagomorpha False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Rabies lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Carnivora False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Rabies lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Rupprecht CE, Hanlon CA, Hemachudha T (2002). Rabies Re-Examined. The Lancet infectious diseases, 2(6), 327-343. ISSN 1473-3099.
Raccoonpox virus Poxviridae Orthopoxvirus Carnivora False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Rhinolophus bat coronavirus HKU2 Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Rift Valley fever phlebovirus Phenuiviridae Phlebovirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Rinderpest morbillivirus Paramyxoviridae Morbillivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Rio Bravo virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Rio Negro virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Rodentia True False Pisano MB, Ré VE, D́iaz LA, Faŕias A, Stein M, Sanchez-Seco MP, Tenorio A, Almirón WR, Contigiani MS (2010). Enzootic Activity of Pixuna and Rio Negro Viruses (Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex) in a Neotropical Region of Argentina. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.), 10(2), 199-201. ISSN 1557-7759, doi: 10.1089/vbz.2008.0156. Pisano MB, Ré VE, D́iaz LA, Faŕias A, Stein M, Sanchez-Seco MP, Tenorio A, Almirón WR, Contigiani MS (2010). Enzootic Activity of Pixuna and Rio Negro Viruses (Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Complex) in a Neotropical Region of Argentina. Vector borne and zoonotic diseases (Larchmont, N.Y.), 10(2), 199-201. ISSN 1557-7759, doi: 10.1089/vbz.2008.0156.
Rodent protoparvovirus 1 Parvoviridae Protoparvovirus Rodentia False False

Cotmore SF, Agbandje-McKenna M, Chiorini JA, Mukha DV, Pintel DJ, Qiu J, Soderlund-Venermo M, Tattersall P, Tijssen P, Gatherer D, Davison AJ (2014). The Family Parvoviridae. Archives of Virology, 159(5), 1239-1247. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-013-1914-1.

Becker SD, Bennett M, Stewart JP, Hurst JL (2007). Serological Survey of Virus Infection among Wild House Mice (Mus Domesticus) in the UK. Laboratory Animals, 41(2), 229-238.

Rodent protoparvovirus 2 Parvoviridae Protoparvovirus Rodentia False False Ball-Goodrich LJ, Leland SE, a Johnson E, Paturzo FX, Jacoby RO (1998). Rat Parvovirus Type 1: The Prototype for a New Rodent Parvovirus Serogroup. Journal of virology, 72(4), 3289-99. ISSN 0022-538X.
Ross River virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Ross River virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Diprotodontia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Rotavirus A Reoviridae Rotavirus Cetartiodactyla False True

Holmes IH (1983). Rotaviruses. In Joklik WK (ed.), The Reoviridae, 359-423. Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 0-306-42344-0.

Martella V, Bányai K, Matthijnssens J, Buonavoglia C, Ciarlet M (2010). Zoonotic Aspects of Rotaviruses. Veterinary Microbiology, 140(3-4), 246-255. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.08.028.

Rotavirus A Reoviridae Rotavirus Galliformes False True

Holmes IH (1983). Rotaviruses. In Joklik WK (ed.), The Reoviridae, 359-423. Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 0-306-42344-0.

Dhama K, Saminathan M, Karthik K, Tiwari R, Shabbir MZ, Kumar N, Malik YS, Singh RK (2015). Avian Rotavirus Enteritis – an Updated Review. Veterinary Quarterly, 35(3), 142-158. ISSN 18755941, doi: 10.1080/01652176.2015.1046014.

Martella V, Bányai K, Matthijnssens J, Buonavoglia C, Ciarlet M (2010). Zoonotic Aspects of Rotaviruses. Veterinary Microbiology, 140(3-4), 246-255. ISSN 03781135, doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2009.08.028.

Rotavirus A Reoviridae Rotavirus Primates False True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Rotavirus B Reoviridae Rotavirus Cetartiodactyla False True

Holmes IH (1983). Rotaviruses. In Joklik WK (ed.), The Reoviridae, 359-423. Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 0-306-42344-0.

Brown DW, Beards GM, Guang-Mu C, Flewett TH (1987). Prevalence of Antibody to Group B (Atypical) Rotavirus in Humans and Animals. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 25(2), 316-319. ISSN 00951137.

Vlasova A, Amimo J, Saif L (2017). Porcine Rotaviruses: Epidemiology, Immune Responses and Control Strategies. Viruses, 9(3), 48. ISSN 1999-4915, doi: 10.3390/v9030048.

Rotavirus C Reoviridae Rotavirus Cetartiodactyla False True

Holmes IH (1983). Rotaviruses. In Joklik WK (ed.), The Reoviridae, 359-423. Plenum Press, New York. ISBN 0-306-42344-0.

Tsunemitsu H, Jiang B, Saif LJ (1992). Detection of Group C Rotavirus Antigens and Antibodies in Animals and Humans by Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assays. J Clin Microbiol, 30(8), 2129-2134.

Rahman M, Banik S, Faruque ASG, Taniguchi K, Sack DA, Ranst MV, Azim T (2005). Detection and Characterization of Human Group C Rotaviruses in Bangladesh. Society, 43(9), 4460-4465. doi: 10.1128/JCM.43.9.4460.

Vlasova A, Amimo J, Saif L (2017). Porcine Rotaviruses: Epidemiology, Immune Responses and Control Strategies. Viruses, 9(3), 48. ISSN 1999-4915, doi: 10.3390/v9030048.

Rousettus bat coronavirus HKU9 Coronaviridae Betacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Brazilian mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Saguinine gammaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Saimiriine alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Simplexvirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Saimiriine gammaherpesvirus 2 Herpesviridae Rhadinovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Sakobuvirus A Picornaviridae Sakobuvirus Carnivora False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Sal Vieja virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia False False Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154. Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154.
San Perlita virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia False False Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154. Blitvich BJ, Firth AE (2017). A Review of Flaviviruses That Have No Known Arthropod Vector. Viruses, 9(6), 1-25. ISSN 19994915, doi: 10.3390/v9060154.
Sapelovirus A Picornaviridae Sapelovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Son KY, Kim DS, Matthijnssens J, Kwon HJ, Park JG, Hosmillo M, Alfajaro MM, Ryu EH, Kim JY, Kang MI, Cho KO (2014). Molecular Epidemiology of Korean Porcine Sapeloviruses. Archives of Virology, 159(5), 1175-1180. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-013-1901-6.
Sapporo virus Caliciviridae Sapovirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Scotophilus bat coronavirus 512 Coronaviridae Alphacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Seoul orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Sepik virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Cetartiodactyla True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus Coronaviridae Betacoronavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Schmallenberg orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Cetartiodactyla True True Yanase T, Maeda K, Kato T, Nyuta S, Kamata H, Yamakawa M, Tsuda T (2005). The Resurgence of Shamonda Virus, an African Simbu Group Virus of the Genus Orthobunyavirus, in Japan. Archives of Virology, 150(2), 361-369. ISSN 03048608, doi: 10.1007/s00705-004-0419-3. Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Sheeppox virus Poxviridae Capripoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False False Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Shimoni bat lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Shuni orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Cetartiodactyla True True De Regge N (2017). Akabane, Aino and Schmallenberg Virus — Where Do We Stand and What Do We Know about the Role of Domestic Ruminant Hosts and Culicoides Vectors in Virus Transmission and Overwintering? Current Opinion in Virology, 27, 15-30. ISSN 18796265, doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2017.10.004. De Regge N (2017). Akabane, Aino and Schmallenberg Virus — Where Do We Stand and What Do We Know about the Role of Domestic Ruminant Hosts and Culicoides Vectors in Virus Transmission and Overwintering? Current Opinion in Virology, 27, 15-30. ISSN 18796265, doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2017.10.004.
Sicinivirus A Picornaviridae Sicinivirus Galliformes False False Bullman S, Kearney K, O’Mahony M, Kelly L, Whyte P, Fanning S, Morgan JG (2014). Identification and Genetic Characterization of a Novel Picornavirus from Chickens. Journal of General Virology, 95(5), 1094-1103. ISSN 0022-1317, 1465-2099, doi: 10.1099/vir.0.061085-0.
Western chimpanzee simian foamy virus Retroviridae Simiispumavirus Primates False True Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Deltaarterivirus hemfev Arteriviridae Deltaarterivirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Simian immunodeficiency virus Retroviridae Lentivirus Primates False True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Sin Nombre orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Small ruminant morbillivirus Paramyxoviridae Morbillivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Sosuga pararubulavirus Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Southern elephant seal virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Carnivora True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Squirrel fibroma virus Poxviridae Leporipoxvirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Squirrel monkey retrovirus Retroviridae Betaretrovirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Squirrelpox virus Poxviridae Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Saint Louis encephalitis virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Passeriformes True True Reisen WK (2003). Epidemiology of St. Louis Encephalitis Virus. In Advances in Virus Research, volume 61, 139-183. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-039861-4, doi: 10.1016/S0065-3527(03)61004-3. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Suid alphaherpesvirus 1 Herpesviridae Varicellovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Swinepox virus Poxviridae Suipoxvirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Tacaribe mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tacaribe mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tamiami mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tanapox virus Poxviridae Yatapoxvirus Primates False True Monroe BP, Nakazawa YJ, Reynolds MG, Carroll DS (2014). Estimating the Geographic Distribution of Human Tanapox and Potential Reservoirs Using Ecological Niche Modeling. International journal of health geographics, 13, 34. ISSN 1476-072X, doi: 10.1186/1476-072X-13-34. Downie AW (1973). Persistence of Tanapox in Tana River Valley. British Medical Journal, 2(5859), 151-153. ISSN 00071447, doi: 10.1136/bmj.2.5859.151.
Taterapox virus Poxviridae Orthopoxvirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Teschovirus A Picornaviridae Teschovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Cano-Gómez C, Jiménez-Clavero MA (2016). Porcine Teschovirus. In Liu D (ed.), Molecular Detection of Animal Viral Pathogens, 79. CRC Press, New York.
Thailand orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False False Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Tibrogargan tibrovirus Rhabdoviridae Tibrovirus Cetartiodactyla True False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tick-borne encephalitis virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia True True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tioman pararubulavirus Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tonate virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Passeriformes True True Monath TP, Lazuick JS, Cropp CB, Rush WA, Calisher CH, Kinney RM, Trent DW, Kemp GE, Bowen GS, Francy DB (1980). Recovery of Tonate Virus (‘bijou Bridge’ Strain), a Member of the Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus Complex, from Cliff Swallow Nest Bugs (Oeciacus Vicarius) and Nestling Birds in North America. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 29(5). ISSN 00029637. Monath TP, Lazuick JS, Cropp CB, Rush WA, Calisher CH, Kinney RM, Trent DW, Kemp GE, Bowen GS, Francy DB (1980). Recovery of Tonate Virus (‘bijou Bridge’ Strain), a Member of the Venezuelan Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus Complex, from Cliff Swallow Nest Bugs (Oeciacus Vicarius) and Nestling Birds in North America. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 29(5). ISSN 00029637.
Tremovirus A Picornaviridae Tremovirus Galliformes False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Tuhoko pararubulavirus 1 Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tuhoko pararubulavirus 2 Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tuhoko pararubulavirus 3 Paramyxoviridae Pararubulavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Tula orthohantavirus Hantaviridae Orthohantavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Turlock orthobunyavirus Peribunyaviridae Orthobunyavirus Passeriformes True False Scott TW, McLean RG, Francy DB, Mitchell CJ, Card CS (1983). Experimental Infections of Birds With Turlock Virus. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 19(2), 82-85. ISSN 0090-3558, doi: 10.7589/0090-3558-19.2.82. Shapshak P, Sinnott JT, Somboonwit C, Kuhn JH (eds.) (2015). Global Virology I: Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases. Springer, New York. ISBN 978-1-4939-2410-3, doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2410-3.
Tylonycteris bat coronavirus HKU4 Coronaviridae Betacoronavirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Uganda S virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Rodentia True False Kemp GE, Causey OR, Setzer HW, Moore DL (1974). Isolation of Viruses from Wild Mammals in West Africa, 1966-1970. Journal of wildlife diseases, 10(3), 279-293. ISSN 00903558, doi: 10.7589/0090-3558-10.3.279. Vasilakis N, Gubler DJ (eds.) (2016). Arboviruses: Molecular Biology, Evolution and Control. Caister Academic Press, Norfolk. ISBN 978-1-910190-22-7.
Una virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Primates True False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Ungulate bocaparvovirus 1 Parvoviridae Bocaparvovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Sandals WC, Povey RC, Meek AH (1995). Prevalence of Bovine Parvovirus Infection in Ontario Dairy Cattle. Canadian journal of veterinary research = Revue canadienne de recherche veterinaire, 59(2), 81-86. ISSN 08309000.
Ungulate protoparvovirus 1 Parvoviridae Protoparvovirus Cetartiodactyla False False Ruiz-Fons F, Segalés J, Gortázar C (2008). A Review of Viral Diseases of the European Wild Boar: Effects of Population Dynamics and Reservoir Role. Veterinary Journal, 176(2), 158-169. ISSN 10900233, doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2007.02.017.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Perissodactyla True True Weaver SC, Barrett ADT (2004). Transmission Cycles, Host Range, Evolution and Emergence of Arboviral Disease. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2(10), 789-801. ISSN 1740-1526, 1740-1534, doi: 10.1038/nrmicro1006. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Rodentia True True Weaver SC, Barrett ADT (2004). Transmission Cycles, Host Range, Evolution and Emergence of Arboviral Disease. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 2(10), 789-801. ISSN 1740-1526, 1740-1534, doi: 10.1038/nrmicro1006. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Vesicular exanthema of swine virus Caliciviridae Vesivirus Cetartiodactyla False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Vesicular exanthema of swine virus Caliciviridae Vesivirus Carnivora False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Visna-maedi virus Retroviridae Lentivirus Cetartiodactyla False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Volepox virus Poxviridae Orthopoxvirus Rodentia False False Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Wallal virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Diprotodontia True False

Belaganahalli MN, Maan S, Maan NS, Pritchard I, Kirkland PD, Brownlie J, Attoui H, Mertens PP (2014). Full Genome Characterization of the Culicoides-Borne Marsupial Orbiviruses: Wallal Virus, Mudjinbarry Virus and Warrego Viruses. PLoS ONE, 9(10). ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108379.

Hooper PT, Lunt RA, Gould AR, Hyatt AD, Russell GM, Kattenbelt JA, Blacksell SD, Reddacliff LA, Kirkland PD, Davis RJ, Durham PJK, Bishop AL, Waddington J (1999). Epidemic of Blindness in Kangaroos - Evidence of a Viral Aetiology. Australian Veterinary Journal, 77(8), 529-536. ISSN 1751-0813, doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1999.tb12126.x.

Belaganahalli MN, Maan S, Maan NS, Pritchard I, Kirkland PD, Brownlie J, Attoui H, Mertens PP (2014). Full Genome Characterization of the Culicoides-Borne Marsupial Orbiviruses: Wallal Virus, Mudjinbarry Virus and Warrego Viruses. PLoS ONE, 9(10). ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108379.

Hooper PT, Lunt RA, Gould AR, Hyatt AD, Russell GM, Kattenbelt JA, Blacksell SD, Reddacliff LA, Kirkland PD, Davis RJ, Durham PJK, Bishop AL, Waddington J (1999). Epidemic of Blindness in Kangaroos - Evidence of a Viral Aetiology. Australian Veterinary Journal, 77(8), 529-536. ISSN 1751-0813, doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1999.tb12126.x.

Warrego virus Reoviridae Orbivirus Diprotodontia True False

Belaganahalli MN, Maan S, Maan NS, Pritchard I, Kirkland PD, Brownlie J, Attoui H, Mertens PP (2014). Full Genome Characterization of the Culicoides-Borne Marsupial Orbiviruses: Wallal Virus, Mudjinbarry Virus and Warrego Viruses. PLoS ONE, 9(10). ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108379.

Hooper PT, Lunt RA, Gould AR, Hyatt AD, Russell GM, Kattenbelt JA, Blacksell SD, Reddacliff LA, Kirkland PD, Davis RJ, Durham PJK, Bishop AL, Waddington J (1999). Epidemic of Blindness in Kangaroos - Evidence of a Viral Aetiology. Australian Veterinary Journal, 77(8), 529-536. ISSN 1751-0813, doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1999.tb12126.x.

Belaganahalli MN, Maan S, Maan NS, Pritchard I, Kirkland PD, Brownlie J, Attoui H, Mertens PP (2014). Full Genome Characterization of the Culicoides-Borne Marsupial Orbiviruses: Wallal Virus, Mudjinbarry Virus and Warrego Viruses. PLoS ONE, 9(10). ISSN 19326203, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108379.

Hooper PT, Lunt RA, Gould AR, Hyatt AD, Russell GM, Kattenbelt JA, Blacksell SD, Reddacliff LA, Kirkland PD, Davis RJ, Durham PJK, Bishop AL, Waddington J (1999). Epidemic of Blindness in Kangaroos - Evidence of a Viral Aetiology. Australian Veterinary Journal, 77(8), 529-536. ISSN 1751-0813, doi: 10.1111/j.1751-0813.1999.tb12126.x.

Wenzhou mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
West Caucasian bat lyssavirus Rhabdoviridae Lyssavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
West Nile virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Passeriformes True True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Western equine encephalitis virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Passeriformes True True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Whataroa virus Togaviridae Alphavirus Passeriformes True False Miles J, Ross R, Austin F, Maguire T, Macnamara F, Ross LM (1971). Infection of Wild Birds with Whataroa Virus in South Westland, New Zealand, 1964-1969. Australian Journal of Experimental Biology and Medical Science, 49(4), 365-376. ISSN 0004945X, doi: 10.1038/icb.1971.38. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Whitewater Arroyo mammarenavirus Arenaviridae Mammarenavirus Rodentia False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Woodchuck hepatitis virus Hepadnaviridae Orthohepadnavirus Rodentia False False Schaefer S (2007). Hepatitis B Virus Taxonomy and Hepatitis B Virus Genotypes. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 13(1), 14-21. ISSN 10079327, doi: 10.3748/wjg.v13.i1.14.
Woolly monkey sarcoma virus Retroviridae Gammaretrovirus Primates False False Brown K, Tarlinton RE (2017). Is Gibbon Ape Leukaemia Virus Still a Threat? Mammal Review, 47(1), 53-61. ISSN 13652907, doi: 10.1111/mam.12079.
Xipapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Xipapillomavirus Cetartiodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Yaba monkey tumor virus Poxviridae Yatapoxvirus Primates False False Wachtman L, Mansfield K (2012). Viral Diseases of Nonhuman Primates, Second edition. Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-12-381366-4, doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-381366-4.00001-8.
Yellow fever virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Primates True True Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.
Yokose virus Flaviviridae Flavivirus Chiroptera False False Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072. Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Zaire ebolavirus Filoviridae Ebolavirus Chiroptera False True Babayan SA, Orton RJ, Streicker DG (2018). Predicting Reservoir Hosts and Arthropod Vectors from Evolutionary Signatures in RNA Virus Genomes. Science, 362(6414), 577-580. ISSN 0036-8075, doi: 10.1126/science.aap9072.
Zetapapillomavirus 1 Papillomaviridae Zetapapillomavirus Perissodactyla False False

Knipe DM, Howley P (eds.) (2013). Fields Virology, Sixth edition. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

Bernard HU, Burk RD, Chen Z, van Doorslaer K, zur Hausen H, de Villiers EM (2010). Classification of Papillomaviruses (PVs) Based on 189 PV Types and Proposal of Taxonomic Amendments. Virology, 401(1), 70-79. ISSN 00426822, doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.02.002.

Species Family Genus Reservoir order Vector-borne Zoonotic Reference (reservoir) Reference (vector)

Associated publications